Resolved Question: Health, Fitness, and Nutrition HELP?

1. Nutrition is the process of the body using the foods that we eat in order to sustain life. (1 point)
True
False
2. A high intake of fats has become a problem because of its direct relationship to heart disease and cancer. (1 point)
True
False
3. Risk factors: (1 point)
refer to being in good shape or physical condition
the processes and functions of the body
social needs, social behaviors, and social problems
traits that increase the possibility of developing an illness or disease
4. Flexibility (1 point)
the ability of a tendon to move through its full range of motion
the ability of a joint to move through its full range of motion
the ability of a muscle to move through its full range of motion
the ability of a ligament to move through its full range of motion
5. A condition in which the pancreas does not produce and/or utilize enough insulin to meet the body’s needs: (1 point)
type 1 Diabetes
type 2 Diabetes
pancreatitis
none of the above
6. Health-related factors refer to: (1 point)
cardiovascular efficiency
muscular strength and endurance
flexibility and body composition
all of the above
7. Balance is: (1 point)
the ability to maintain control of your body while stationary or moving
the ability to combine strength and speed in activities such as throwing and jumping
our ability to use the senses to produce accurate movements
the ability to change direction of your body quickly
8. __________ is a type of connective tissue found between the bones which allows for the smooth movement of joints. (1 point)
Cartilage
Synovium
A tendon
A ligament
9. The _____joints allow for turning and rotation. (1 point)
pivot
hinge
ball and socket
gliding
10. Obesity refers to a condition of being ____ % or more overweight than an ideal body weight. (1 point)
20
30
40
50
11. Stretches that do not involve motionand are held for a brief period of time are called: (1 point)
isometric stretches
static stretches
isotonic
PNF stretches
12. The pulmonary valve and the aortic valve ____ as the ventricles begin to contract. (1 point)
close
open
contract
relax
13. _________ gradually become smaller and smaller and divide into capillaries. (1 point)
Veins
Arteries
Capillaries
Alveoli
14. ________________refers to the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest, between beats. (1 point)
Blood Pressure
Systolic pressure
Diastolic pressure
Intra-cranial pressure
15. What is a muscle fiber? (1 point)
the functional unit of a cell
the neuron that conducts impulses for a muscle contraction
the single cell of a muscle that is responsible for protein production
none of the above
16. The organ that produces hormones such as insulin in order to break down and use food is: (1 point)
the kidneys
the pancreas
the intestines
the colon
17. According to the lesson content, the average adult body is about ____% water. (1 point)
30
45
55
60
18. __________ occurs when the body loses an excessive amount of water. It is can be caused by a number of things including excessive sweating without fluid replacement, drugs, alcohol, caffeine, and improper diet. (1 point)
Hyperthermia
Hyponatremia
Dehydration
Hypotension
19. _________is an abnormal loss of normal bone density that causes bones to become porous, fragile, and brittle. (1 point)
Osteoarthritis
Osteoporosis
Ketosis
None of the above
20. _________ is a condition which occurs when waste products (called ketones) build up in the blood and results in the body utilizing fat as its main source of energy. (1 point)
Osteoarthritis
Osteoporosis
Ketosis
None of the above
21. ___________are a complex set of characteristics that make a person unique, and are influenced by heredity, environment, and behavior. (1 point)
Relationships
Imbalances
Personalities
Emotions
22. Feeling “safe” with family members is an important element of __________ and is vital to the way we conduct ourselves in life situations and choosing other healthy relationships with friends and life-partners. (1 point)
self-awareness
self-esteem
personality
self-control
23. Often teens who experiment with drugs grow into adults who are afflicted with drug addictions. (1 point)
True
False
24. Some of the warning signs of teen drug abuse are changes in dress style, discipline problems, and new friends who are disinterested in school or family related activities. (1 point)
True
False
25. For many users, nicotine is as addictive as heroin or cocaine. (1 point)
True
False

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