The set of behavioral and psychological changes that occur as a direct result of the physiological effects of a substance on the central nervous system is called substance intoxication. People’s perceptions change once they are intoxicated. They may starts seeing and hearing strange things. Their attention is often diminished or they are easily distracted. Their good judgment is gone and they may be unable to “think straight.” They cannot control their bodies as well as they normally can, and they may stumble or be too slow or awkward in their reactions. Hypersomnia or insomnia would then occur. Their interpersonal relations change- they may become more gregarious than what he or she is accustomed to, more introverted, or more aggressive and impulsive. People begin to be intoxicated soon after they begin ingesting a substance, and the more they ingest, the more intoxicated they become. The symptoms of intoxication may last for hours or days after the substance is no longer detectable in the body although intoxication begins to decline as the amount of substance in people’s blood or tissue declines .
The setting in which the substance is taken can influence the type of symptoms people develop. The environment in which people become intoxicated can also influence how maladaptive the intoxication is. People who typically takes in addictive substances at bars and drive home under the influence of these drugs can be in a higher risk to cause harm on themselves and others as compared to people who use it only at home.
Most people have been intoxicated at sometime in their lives. The diagnosis of substance intoxication is given only when the behavioral and psychological changes the person experiences are significantly maladaptive in that they cause substantial disruption in the person’s social and family relationships, cause occupational or financial problems, or place the individual at significant risk for adverse effects, such as traffic accidents, severe medical complications, or legal problems.
Bigger problems may result from substance intoxication which makes the condition very dangerous. It is important when one starts to see signs that an individual is having substance intoxication, he or she should react quickly. One should be prepared to know about drug rehab when one wants to save that particular person from the dangers of substance intoxication . To help get better from substance intoxication, drug rehab uses many different methods. Cognitive treatments is one of them. Cognitive treatments help addicted individuals to clear out the individual’s way of thinking that substances will help them to cope better in any difficult situations. A change in the cognitive vision about these substances would be confronted by specialists which would then paved the way to helping these individuals change the way they think. Meanwhile, there is also called a behavioral treatment as part of a drug rehab. Behavioral treatment uses aversive classical conditioning to help substance intoxicated individuals to recover. Covert sensitization therapy is also part of behavioral way of treatment. The using of imagery that will create a link to the thoughts of using substances and the high unpleasant outcome after using it is how the system of covert sensitization therapy works. On a different way of treatment, there is the so called biological treatment where a specialist would prescribe a certain drug to counter the effects of the substance being used.
There should be enough information regarding substance intoxication and drug rehab in order to get away with the many negative consequences of addiction.