At the present, the society is largely concerned on the use of prohibited drugs. Drug addiction could merely indicate that a person needs a drug in order for him or her to function normally or to portray things the way he or she wanted it to be. regardless of the knowledge that these drugs brings many negative effects, there is still the compulsion to use the substance. Even with countless advocates towards bad effects of taking in prohibited drugs people still continues doing such activity for different reasons. The exact reason or cause of drug abuse and dependence is not yet known. Yet, there are different citations for possible causes of drug dependence. Person’s genes is for one, it will occur when a person has a high tolerance of drugs and become dependent with it to the extent that he or she will not be contented with just a small amount of the substance. On the other hand, peer pressure is also considered a possible reason as to why drug addiction occurs. Peer pressures may lead to substance in take. The next possible cause is emotional problem. People who are in distress, anxious and depress may choose to take drugs as their means of coping up for them to not remember the state of emotional pain they currently feel. Lastly, the opportunity of environmental stress to occur when children grow up in a surrounding in which they can see individuals who are illicitly utilizing illegal drugs. These children might first observe their parents using drugs and later on in life their experiences at early years may put them at higher risk for developing an addiction. Also, it has been observed that people who are more possible to abuse or become dependent on drugs are those who have easy access to drugs, low self esteem or those that come across problems with their current relationships, those who exist in a stressful lifestyle and for those individual who live in a culture wherein drug use is highly accepted.
Opiates, Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants, Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants, Hallucinogens and Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC) are substances that are commonly used as an addictive drug by people across age, society and culture. As an effective painkiller, opiates and narcotics are powerful substances that makes a person drowsy. Heroin, opium, codeine, and oxycodone or oxycontin are examples of opiates and narcotics. Central nervous system depressants include barbiturates, benzodiazepines, chloral hydrate and paraldehyde. These substances produce a sedative and anxiety reducing effect which eventually leads to dependence. On the other hand, central nervous system (CNS) stimulants is comprise of amphetamines, cocaine, dextroamphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylphenidate or retalin. These drugs are said to have stimulating effect and as a result people can start needing higher amounts of these drugs in order for them to feel the same effect the same as what they feel at the first time they are using it. Hallucinogens comprise of LSD, mescaline, psilocybin and phencyclidine or angel dust. From the word hallucinogens, the effects are quite obvious which is to make the users hallucinate.
Drug addiction is a result of different stages. Any person may use drugs which may not cause harm to then but others who uses prohibited drugs and develop dependence may result to destruction. Currently, studies have found out surprising results that the different stages of drug dependence is being passed so rapidly. First is experimental use which usually involves peers and where being done simply for recreational purposes. Second stage is regular use wherein the user misses more important activities like school or work in order to give attention in the activity of using drugs. This certain stage would make the person to be preoccupied about the thought of losing drug source, uses drugs in order to get away with negative feelings and begins to join individuals who are regular drug users. Third stage is daily preoccupation. All motivations is lost on this stage. He will not care anymore on his surroundings and will lost interests on important matters. The lasts stage is the occurring of dependence. This will occur when a person cannot face daily life without drugs and losses control when it comes to drugs.
However, drug addiction still have possible cures with the aid of support group and some professionals who are studying different concepts in order to organize drug dependents thoughts.
Drug addiction can be caused by many factor that one needs to find out.