One of the highly addictive substances known is the white powder extracted from the coca plant popularly known as cocaine. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. In the 1970s, freebase cocaine appeared when users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is usually smoked in a water pipe or is mixed in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. A form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked is known as crack.
Cocaine activates the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens, the areas of the brain that register reward and pleasure. The releasing of dopamine into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses happen when a pleasurable event happens. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Initially, cocaine produces a sudden rush of intense euphoria, followed by great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability. Users often do not feel drugged. Instead, they feel they have become the people they always wanted to be. Cocaine produces feelings of to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia when taken in very heavy dosage. After stopping the use of the substance, users may feel exhausted and depressed and may sleep a great deal. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extraordinarily quick and powerful effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to make this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even with people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. One of the best ways to get rid of the problems brought by cocaine addicted is through letting the cocaine addict to go through a drug rehab. The consequence of the numerous drug rehab centers sprouting has been possible because of the continual rise of cocaine addiction. Victims of cocaine dependency and addiction is being helped by several established treatment and drug rehab programs. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. However, the elimination of the taking in of drugs is not the only problem of cocaine addiction and dependency. It goes as far as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Opening how the addiction came about are also being tackled as part of other treatment programs all for the abolishing of cocaine addiction. There have been cases wherein drug dependency was associated with physical and sexual abuse during childhood. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug which causes many bad effects that drug rehab is very essential to eradicate the problems of cocaine addiction.