Behavioral health disorders can victimized anybody. Although we have thecontrol to choose, peer pressures can get in the way of the decisions we will be creating. One of the most common behavioral health disorders is addiction. Addiction is quite raging in every society. It knows no age bracket and socio-economic status. Addiction as defined in the Merriam Webster Dictionary can mean the compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance characterized by well defined physiological symptoms.
There is no control what one can get addicted to. One can even get addicted to sex and love. The most popular kind of addiction is substance addiction. Its reputation has sprung from the reflection it gives off, the notorious image of negativity. People who are in the pits of substance addiction usually flaunt a series of bad behaviors disturbing people that surround him or her.
There are many different substances an individual can get addicted to. Stimulants, opioids, and hallucinogens and PCP are examples of these different substances that produce negative effects to the body. These substances affect certain biochemicals in our brain which has direct reinforcing effects. The mesolimbic dopamine system is one of the areas of the brain that is involved in effects of these psychoactive substances. A taste of good food and physical pleasure such as those given off by sexual stimulation activates this kind of system. This system can be activated by psychoactive substances already mentioned. However, the effect is much more intense. The activation of mesolimbic dopamine system makes people to want the reason of activation to replicate its effects. The use
of such substances gives off constant changes in one’s mesolimbic dopamine system which makes an individual desire for the substance. The mesolimbic dopamine system gets hyperactive once the substance has been used repeatedly. In short term and long term use of these substances, makes hard for the people to resist once they have already tried. The careless trying of any of the substances can make an individual crave for more. This is due to the reason that the short-lived high is so compelling.
Stimulants are substances that turns on the central nervous system. This causes feelings such as happiness, energy, authority, a decreased desire for sleep, and reduced appetite. Cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, and caffeine are examples of stimulants. Cocaine is one of the most highly addictive substances ever known. This substance can be inhaled to have its effects felt rapidly. Amphetamines are substances initially established as antihistamines until people started noticing its stimulant effects. Nicotine is an alkaloid being found in tobaccos. Nicotine can be popularly found in cigarettes. Caffeine on the other hand is the most heavy used stimulant substance. Greatest amount of caffeine used is attributed to the wide use of coffee.
Opioids is used for a thousand of years to ease pain until its properties have been discovered to be dangerously addictive. Morphine and heroin are examples of opioids. Morphine was used generally as a pain reliever. This has been in the 19th century until its being addictive was discovered. Methadone and codeine are other examples of opioids. Opioid substances are substances found in the sap of the opium poppy.
Most of these substances produce perceptual illusions and distortions when taken in large amount in small doses. Peyote, ecstasy, and LSD are the main ingredients of hallucinogens. On the other hand, PCP or phenylcyclidine are substances manufactured for smoking and snorting. PCP is not classified as hallucinogen but its effects are mostly the same. PCP is also popularly called as angel dust, PeaCePill, Hog, and Tranq.
Why is substance addiction considered as a behavioral health disorder? This is because substance addiction brings tremendous negative effects in an individuals behavior. This change in behavior usually affects the people that enclose the individual. These substances are illegal and can only be used officially when prescribed by specialists. In order to stay away from problems, one should not use these substances carelessly.
Addiction is considered a behavioral health disorder due to the negative effects it produces in one’s behavior.