Monthly Archives: April 2008

New Report on Estimates of Older Teens Driving Under the Influence

Impaired driving continues to be a severe and persistent threat to public safety, and the number of deaths from traffic crashes involving impaired drivers is higher than the number of deaths from all other causes among persons aged 3 to 33. In 2006, an estimated 30.5 million persons aged 12 or older drove under the influence of alcohol at least once in the past 12 months (“past year”), and 10.2 million persons aged 12 or older reported driving under the influence of illicit drugs during the past year.

Date Added: 04/29/08
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Alcohol & drug use in an educated workforce

Prevalence of alcohol and drug use in a highly educated workforce.
This study examined alcohol and licit and illicit drug use in a highly educated medical related workforce.
A comprehensive health survey of a 10% random sample of a workforce (n = 8,567) yielded a 60% response rate (n = 504) after accounting for 15 undeliverable surveys.

Many respondents reported past-year use of alcohol (87%).
Thirteen percent of respondents consumed three or more drinks daily; 15% were binge drinkers.
Twelve percent of the workforce was assessed as having a high likelihood of lifetime alcohol dependence;
5% of respondents met criteria for current problem drinking.
Overall, 42% reported using mood-altering prescription drugs (analgesics, antidepressants, sedatives, or tranquilizers).
Eleven percent reported using illicit drugs (cocaine, hallucinogens, heroin, or marijuana) in the past year.

Significant relationships were found between gender, age, ethnicity, and occupation with some measures of alcohol consumption and use of mood-altering drugs.

These results indicate prevention and early intervention programs need to address use of mood-altering substances (including alcohol) in highly educated workforces.

Research; J Behav Health Serv Res. 2002 Feb;29(1):30-44. Prevalence of alcohol and drug use in a highly educated workforce. Matano RA, Wanat SF, Westrup D, Koopman C, Whitsell SD.
See also;

Brief-TSF is designed to address these issues.
Twelve Step Facilitation is designed to support people returning to their community
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Staying Sober: A Guide for Relapse Preventionby Terence T. Gorski, Merlene Miller
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New Online Course with CEU’s Available

The Center for Substance Abuse Treatment’s Knowledge Application Program (CSAT KAP) is pleased to offer its first online e-learning course, Acamprosate: A New Medication for Alcohol Use Disorders. The course provides information about the use, side effects, and contraindications of acamprosate; information to discuss with clients; and a comparison of medications used to treat alcohol use disorders.

Date Added: 04/24/08
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Rat Study Suggests Why Teens Get Hooked On Cocaine More Easily Than Adults

New drug research suggests that teens may get addicted and relapse more easily than adults because developing brains are more powerfully motivated by drug-related cues. This conclusion has been reached by researchers who found that adolescent rats given cocaine — a powerfully addicting stimulant — were more likely than adults to prefer the place where they got it. Continue reading

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SAMHSA Supports Alcohol Awareness Month!

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has several resources and materials available to the public that relate to Alcohol Awareness Month, taking place this April.

Date Added: 04/22/08
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Gene Therapy For Addiction: Flooding Brain With ‘Pleasure Chemical’ Receptors Works On Cocaine, As On Alcohol

Increasing the brain level of receptors for dopamine, a pleasure-related chemical, can reduce use of cocaine by 75 percent in rats trained to self-administer it. Earlier research had similar findings for alcohol intake. Treatments that increase levels of these chemicals — dopamine D2 receptors — may prove useful in treating addiction. Continue reading

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Grant Announcement: Project LAUNCH

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) is accepting applications for fiscal year (FY) 2008 for Cooperative Agreements for Linking Actions for Unmet Needs in Children’s Health (Project LAUNCH).

Date Added: 04/18/08
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Alcohol use and unsafe sex by people with hiv

  Research Summary; Unsafe sex by people infected with HIV poses a grave public health risk. To examine whether alcohol use increases the likelihood of unsafe sex in people with HIV, investigators interviewed 262 patients from 2 HIV clinics. Alcohol consumption measures assessed use in the past 6 months and included drinking days, drinks per drinking day, binge drinking,* and hazardous drinking.**
In the past 6 months, 63 percent of patients had been sexually active,

38 percent had unprotected sex (i.e., no condom), and
21 percent had multiple sex partners.

All alcohol consumption measures were significantly associated with the likelihood of having any sex (odds ratios ranging from 1.5 to 2.9) and of having unprotected sex (odds ratios ranging from 1.4 to 2.7).
One-third of hazardous drinkers — compared with 9 percent of nonhazardous drinkers — were having both unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners.
Heroin and cocaine use did not significantly affect the likelihood of having any or unprotected sex.
Comments by Jeffrey Samet, MD, MA, MPH:
This study demonstrates a clear association between alcohol use and unsafe sex in patients infected with HIV. As the authors note, determining the basis of this association (e.g., risk-taking personality, lowered sexual inhibitions due to alcohol) requires studies that demonstrate the relationship between the two behaviors. Nevertheless, these findings support the case for assessing alcohol use among all patients with HIV.

* 5 or more drinks per day for men, 3 or more drinks per day for women ** at least 1 binge episode, or greater than 14 drinks per week for men and greater than 7 drinks per week for women
Reference: Stein M, Herman DS, Trisvan E, et al. Alcohol use and sexual risk behavior among human immunodeficiency virus-positive persons. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2005; 29(5): 837-843.

From; Join Together Online
See also;

Brief-TSF can assist patients cease alcohol consumption.
Twelve Step Facilitation
12-Step Treatment More Effective than Alternative
Subscribe to Twelve Step Facilitation by e-Mail

         
Counseling Clients with HIV Disease: Assessment, Intervention, and Preventionby Mary Ann Hoffman
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Brief-TSF manual US$9.95 Buy Now with Paypal, Visa or Mastercard
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